Nanopore long-read sequencing technology offers promising alternatives to high-throughput short read sequencing, especially in the context of RNA-sequencing.
Nervous systems have the ability to select appropriate actions and action sequences in response to sensory cues.
Prokaryotes use CRISPR–Cas systems for adaptive immunity, but the reasons for the frequent existence of multiple CRISPRs and cas clusters remain poorly understood.
We test the hypothesis that the frequency and cost of extracellular proteins produced by bacteria, which often depend on cooperative processes, vary with habitat structur
Processes of molecular innovation require tinkering and shifting in the function of existing genes.