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Epidemiology

Published in Epidemics - 09/12/2019
Alessio Andronic, Aurélie Courcoul, Anne Bronner, Axelle Scoizec, Sophie Lebouquin-Leneveu, Claire Guinat, Mathilde C.Paul, Benoît Durand, Simon Cauchemez

In the winter 2016–2017 the largest epidemic of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) ever recorded in the European Union spread to all 28 member states.

Published in The Lancet. Infectious Diseases - 03/28/2019
Rindra Randremanana, PhD,a,* Voahangy Andrianaivoarimanana, PhD,b,* Birgit Nikolay, PhD,d,* Beza Ramasindrazana, PhD,b,* Juliette Paireau, PhD,d,* Quirine Astrid ten Bosch, PhD,d,* Jean Marius Rakotondramanga, MSc,a,* Soloandry Rahajandraibe, MSc,g Soanandrasana Rahelinirina, PhD,b Fanjasoa Rakotomanana, PhD,a Feno M Rakotoarimanana, MD,a Léa Bricette Randriamampionona, MD,h Vaoary Razafimbia, MD,h Mamy Jean De Dieu Randria, Prof, MD,i Mihaja Raberahona, MD,i Guillain Mikaty, PhD,e Anne-Sophie Le Guern, PharmD,f Lamina Arthur Rakotonjanabelo, MSc,j Charlotte Faty Ndiaye, Prof, MD,j Voahangy Rasolofo, PhD,c Eric Bertherat, MD,k,† Maherisoa Ratsitorahina, MD,h,† Simon Cauchemez, PhD,d,†* Laurence Baril, MD,a,† André Spiegel, MD,c,† and Minoarisoa Rajerison, PhDb,†

BACKGROUND:

Madagascar accounts for 75% of global plague cases reported to WHO, with an annual incidence of 200-700 suspected c

Published in The New England Journal of Medicine - 05/09/2019
Birgit Nikolay, Dr.rer.nat., Henrik Salje, Ph.D., M. Jahangir Hossain, M.B., B.S., A.K.M. Dawlat Khan, M.A., Hossain M.S. Sazzad, M.B., B.S., Mahmudur Rahman, Ph.D., Peter Daszak, Ph.D., Ute Ströher, Ph.D., Juliet R.C. Pulliam, Ph.D., A. Marm Kilpatrick, Ph.D., Stuart T. Nichol, Ph.D., John D. Klena, Ph.D., Sharmin Sultana, Ph.D., Sayma Afroj, Ph.D., Stephen P. Luby, M.D., Simon Cauchemez, Ph.D., and Emily S. Gurley, Ph.D.

Nipah virus is a highly virulent zoonotic pathogen that can be transmitted between humans.

Nipah outbreaks in Bangladesh: age and breathing difficulties of infected patients increase the risk of disease spread

Nipah virus, a bat-borne paramyxovirus found throughout South and South East Asia, has been identified by WHO as an emerging infectious disease that may cause severe epidemics in the near future. Infections in humans result in severe respiratory and neurological disease with a high case fatality. With no available treatment or vaccine, the control of Nipah virus outbreaks must rely on a detailed understanding of factors that may facilitate inter-human transmission.

Epidemiologist Amber Kunkel faces Ebola in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Ebola has battered the Democratic Republic of the Congo for many months, from the outbreak that ended in July 2018 to the epidemic currently raging. These are reminders that there is progress to be made in terms of controlling and understanding this deadly infectious disease. In 2018, during the epidemic in the north west of the country, Dr. Amber Kunkel, a scientist from the Institut Pasteur in Paris, went in situ to lend her epidemiological expertise to heightened surveillance efforts led by the WHO.

Humans, animals and their environment, an investigation by Victor Narat

You have no doubt already heard about emerging viruses. The international media regularly informs us about viruses raging across the world, for instance Zika, Ebola and dengue. But where do they come from? Mosquitoes, bats, rodents and primates carry viruses, and when humans share an area with these species, they are exposed to various infectious risks. To shed light on this situation, known as zoonotic pre-emergence, Victor Narat from the Medical Anthropology and Environment Research Group, set off to investigate in the field.
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