Following the emergence of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in Wuhan, China in December 2019, specific COVID-19 surveillance was launched in France on January 10, 2020.
Pertussis vaccination policy varies across Europe, not only in the type of vaccine (whole cell (wP) vs.
France has been heavily affected by the SARS-CoV-2 epidemic and went into lockdown on the 17th March 2020.
Background: The Oise department in France has been heavily affected by COVID-19 in early 2020.
The circulation of Zika virus (ZIKV) in Mali has not been clearly characterized.
Since 2015, Zika virus (ZIKV) has caused large epidemics in the Americas.
Dengue continues to be the most important vector-borne viral disease globally and in Brazil, where more than 1.4 million cases and over 500 deaths were reported in 2016.
BACKGROUND: Since the identification of Zika virus (ZIKV) in Brazil in May 2015, the virus has spread throughout the Americas.
Accurate estimation of the parameters characterising infectious disease transmission is vital for optimising control interventions during epidemics.
An outbreak of listeriosis was identified in South Africa in 2017. The source was unknown.