France has been heavily affected by the SARS-CoV-2 epidemic and went into lockdown on the 17th March 2020.
Background: The Oise department in France has been heavily affected by COVID-19 in early 2020.
Livestock-associated methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (LA-MRSA) colonizes livestock animals worldwide, especially pigs and calves.
Since 2015, Zika virus (ZIKV) has caused large epidemics in the Americas.
Dengue continues to be the most important vector-borne viral disease globally and in Brazil, where more than 1.4 million cases and over 500 deaths were reported in 2016.
Accurate estimation of the parameters characterising infectious disease transmission is vital for optimising control interventions during epidemics.