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Interrogating Aptamer Chemical Space Through ModifiedNucleotide Substitution Facilitated by Enzymatic DNASynthesis

ChemBioChem


Germain Niogret*, Alix Bouvier-Müller*, Chiara Figazzolo, Jack M. Joyce, Frédéric Bonhomme, Patrick England, Olena Mayboroda, Riccardo Pellarin, Gilles Gasser, James H. R. Tucker, Julian A. Tanner, G. Paul Savage, and Marcel Hollenstein


Abstract


Chemical modification of aptamers is an important step to improve their performance and stability in biological media. This can be performed either during their identification (mod-SELEX) or after the in vitro selection process (post-SELEX). In order to reduce the complexity and workload of the post-SELEX modification of aptamers, we have evaluated the possibility of improving a previously reported, chemically modified aptamer by combining enzymatic synthesis and nucleotides bearing bioisosteres of the parent cubane side-chains or substituted cubane moieties. This method lowers the synthetic burden often associated with post-SELEX approaches and allowed to identify one additional sequence that maintains binding to the PvLDH target protein, albeit with reduced specificity. In addition, while bioisosteres often improve the potency of small molecule drugs, this does not extend to chemically modified aptamers. Overall, this versatile method can be applied for the

post-SELEX modification of other aptamers and functional nucleic acids.


More information at doi.org/10.1002/cbic.202300539

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