Galmiche S, Charmet T, Mailles A, Fontanet A.
We have read with great interest the work published by Teixeira and colleagues . In this case–control study with a test-negative design in outpatients with flu-like symptoms, people with positive SARS-CoV-2 RT-qPCR reported more frequent exposure to cats or dogs in the residence than negative controls, with an odds ratio of 1.29 (95% confidence interval 1.08–1.54). This raises the question of how pets such as cats and dogs can contribute to transmission of SARS-CoV-2 in households. Indeed, while human-to-cat transmission was already documented early in the pandemic , as well as between-cats (but not between-dogs) , recent work has also shown possibility of pet-to-human transmission: a case study reporting positive testing in a veterinarian following examination of a cat infected by household members, with genetic findings supporting cat-to-human transmission , and an outbreak investigation in a pet shop identifying numerous linked infections in Syrian hamsters and humans . Together with those findings, the study by Teixeira and colleagues suggests that cats and dogs contribute to SARS-CoV-2 transmission in households. Here, we report results from a case–control study conducted in France on the risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection associated with living with cats or dogs.
More information at doi: 10.1007/s15010-022-01951-3